40 days beans varieties are common in Nigeria. As a matter of fact, a lot of cowpea farmers in Nigeria prefer the 40 days beans variety because of its ability to reach harvest time within a short time. The 40 days beans is the type of beans that matures in 40 days.
Imagine you planting a beans variety and you harvest after just 40 days. You will be able to recoup your investment within a short time; this can significantly reduce your investment risk.
40 days beans varieties in Nigeria also enable farmers to do several cycles of beans cultivation in a year. With this variety, you can grow beans several times in a year.
Most of the 40 days beans varieties are the erect type. They have significantly lesser incidences of pests and diseases than the crawling varieties.
40 Days Beans Varieties in Nigeria
The following are some of the 40 days beans varieties in Nigeria:
- FUMPEA I
- FUMPEA II
- SAMPEA 11
- SAMPEA 14
- SAMPEA 15
- SAMPEA 16
- SAMPEA 17
- SAMPEA 18
- SAMPEA 19
- Kwankwaso Beans etc.
1. FUMPEA I
This is a 40 days beans variety produced by the Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi. This variety is an improved open pollinated seeds variety. It has a high yield and well known by beans farmers in Nigeria.
2. FUMPEA II
This is an improvement on FUMPEA II bred by the Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi. It can yield up to 2 tons per hectare if good agronomic practices are observed.
3. SAMPEA 11
This beans variety is tolerant to aphids and nematodes. It is also drought resistance. It has a yield potential of 2 tons per hectare.
4. SAMPEA 14
This is a brown beans variety. It is also resistant to aphids and nematodes attacks. It has a yield potential of 2 tons per hectare.
A Recap on Beans Farming
Beans farming is quite popular in Nigeria. Beans also called cowpea is one of the most consumed food items in Nigeria. Almost everybody eats beans in one form or the other in Nigeria.
Beans farming is simply the cultivation of beans from the stage of seeding to the final stage of harvesting.
To grow beans or cowpea in Nigeria, you need to get a farmland, prepare the farmland, plant the cowpea seeds, fertilise the cowpea plants, use pesticides for pests and disease control and harvest the matured beans pods.
The yield of beans per hectare in Nigeria varies from 0.2 tonnes to 3 tonnes.
Advantages of growing 40 days beans varieties in Nigeria
The following are the advantages of cultivating 40 days beans varieties in Nigeria:
Price of seeds
The price of most 40 days beans seeds in Nigeria is relatively lower than the crawling variety. The reason for this is not known.
The time to maturity
This is one of the doyen advantages of planting a 40 day beans variety in Nigeria. You can grow your beans several times in a year and earn good income.
Quick returns on investment
The short duration of the 40 days beans variety can afford the farmer to earn his returns on investment in a very short time. This can reduce his investment risk.
Disadvantages of growing 40 days beans varieties in Nigeria
The 40 days beans seeds are not too common in Nigeria.
Do you need a 40 days beans variety or seed in Nigeria? If yes, why not contact us on 08025141924.
Read our latest article on the best fertilizer for beans farming here.