The best fertilizers for groundnut farming are high phosphorus fertilizers like Single Super Phosphate fertilizer, Diammonium Phosphate fertilizer (DAP) and Mono-Ammonium fertilizer (MAP).
Fertilizers enhance the yield of groundnut crop. The main reason for the low yield of groundnut in Nigeria is due to the low application of fertilizer or the application of the wrong type of fertilizer.
NPK fertilizers can also be the ideal type of fertilizers for groundnut farming.
The Best Fertilizers for Groundnut Farming in Nigeria
The following are the best fertilizers for groundnut farming in Nigeria:
Diammonium Phosphate Fertilizer (DAP)
Diammonium Phosphate (DAP) is a type of fertilizer used to significantly increase th root mass of plants, this can enable the roots of groundnut plants to extract water and nutrients from the soil in an optimal manner. Diammonium phosphate fertilizer contains ammonium nitrogen and phosphorus.
The total nitrogen component of diammonium phosphate fertilizer is 18%. DAP fertilizer has 15.5% ammonical nitrogen, 2.5% total nitrogen as urea and 46% phosphorus.
Diammonium phosphate fertilizer can be applied by hand and can also be applied through the drip irrigation system.
Single Super Phosphate Fertilizer
The single super phosphate fertilizer is one of the best fertilizers for groundnut farming. Groundnut is a leguminous crop so they do well when you apply fertilizers with a high content of phosphorus to them. SSP fertilizer is one of such fertilizers.
The phosphorus content in single super phosphate fertilizer is usually 7 – 9%. It has a calcium content of 18 – 21% and a sulfur content of 11 – 12%.
Mono-Ammonium Phosphate (MAP) is one of the best fertilizers for the planting of groundnut. This fertilizer is a good source of phosphorus and nitrogen to plants.
Mono – Ammonium Phosphate fertilizer has 48 – 61% phosphorus content and 10 – 12% nitrogen content.
The NPK fertilizer has nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium as their main constituents. The NPK fertilizer is not usually used for groundnut farming but it can be a ood fertilizer for groundnut if high phosphorus fertilizers are not available.
NPK 15:15:15 has 15% nitrogen, 15% phosphorus and 15% potassium. This type of balanced fertilizer is usually applied in groundnut farming for basal purpose. The NPK 15:15:15 has equal quantity of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.
NPK 20:10:10 has 20% nitrogen, 10% phosphorus and 10% potassium. This type of NPK fertilizer is usually used during the vegetative stage of the groundnut plants.
NPK 12:12:17 fertilizer has 12% nitrogen, 12% phosphorus and 17% potassium. This type of NPK fertilizer is usually used during the flowering and fruiting stage of groundnut plants.
Humates like humic acid, fluvic acid and potassium humate are one of the best fertilizers for groundnut farming in Nigeria.
Humates can improve your soil.
Lime can also be one of the best fertilizers for groundnut farming in Nigeria. Examples of lime include limestone and dolomite.
Lime supplies calcium and magnesium to the soil. These nutrients can increase the pH of the soil and make other nutrients available to plants.
About Groundnut Farming
Groundnut farming is the process of planting groundnut for the purpose of harvesting the matured groundnuts for domestic, commercial and industrial uses.
Groundnut farming involves all the processes associated with the growing of groundnut. These processes include getting the seeds, land preparation, planting, maintenance of the groundnut plants, harvesting and marketing of the produce.
Groundnut is a leguminous crop. Groundnut can be used for domestic and industrial applications in Nigeria. Groundnut can be eaten as snack. Groundnuts can also be used for making foods. Farmers use grounduts as a source of protein for animal feeds.
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