The best fertilizers for maize farming in Nigeria are NPK fertilizers, urea, Diammonium Phosphate fertilizer (DAP), Mono-Ammonium fertilizer (MAP) and humates etc.
To be successful in maize farming in Nigeria, fertilizers have to be used. Fertilizers improve the nutrients in the soil. The nutrients are taken up by the plants which can enhance their yield.
NPK fertilizer and urea are the commonest type of fertilizers used for the growing of maize in Nigeria.
The Best Fertilizers for Maize Farming in Nigeria
The following are the best fertilizers for maize farming in Nigeria:
The NPK fertilizer has nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium as their main nutrients components. The NPK fertilizer is one of the best fertilizers for maize farming in Nigeria.
NPK 15:15:15 has 15% nitrogen, 15% phosphorus and 15% potassium. This type of balanced fertilizer is usually applied in maize farming for basal purpose. The NPK 15:15:15 has equal quantity of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.
NPK 20:10:10 has 20% nitrogen, 10% phosphorus and 10% potassium. This type of NPK fertilizer is usually used during the vegetative stage of the maize plants.
NPK 12:12:17 fertilizer has 12% nitrogen, 12% phosphorus and 17% potassium. This type of NPK fertilizer is usually used during the flowering and fruiting stage of maize plants.
Urea fertilizer is one of the best fertilizers for maize farming in Nigeria. To have a good yield in maize farming in Nigeria, urea fertilizer must be used.
Urea fertilizer contains mainly nitrogen. The nitrogen component of most urea fertilizers is 46%. Urea fertilizer ensures that your maize crop grows large leaves and also ensures that the maize crop maximizes its yield.
Urea fertilizer can be applied by hand and it can also be applied through the drip irrigation system.
Diammonium Phosphate Fertilizer (DAP)
Diammonium Phosphate (DAP) is a type of fertilizer used for basal application in maize farming. Diammonium phosphate fertilizer contains ammonium nitrogen and phosphorus.
The total nitrogen component of diammonium phosphate fertilizer is 18%. DAP fertilizer has 15.5% ammonical nitrogen, 2.5% total nitrogen as urea and 46% phosphorus.
Diammonium phosphate fertilizer can be applied by hand and can also be applied through the drip irrigation system.
Single Super Phosphate Fertilizer
The single super phosphate fertilizer is a phosphorus based fertilizer. It has a high phosphorus content and usually used in maize farming at the initial stage of the development of the roots of the maize plant.
The phosphorus content in single super phosphate fertilizer is usually 7 – 9%. It has a calcium content of 18 – 21% and a sulfur content of 11 – 12%.
Humates like humic acid, fluvic acid and potassium humate are one of the best fertilizers for maize farming in Nigeria.
Humates can improve your soil.
Lime can also be one of the best fertilizers for maize farming in Nigeria. Examples of lime include limestone and dolomite.
Lime supplies calcium and magnesium to the soil. These nutrients can increase the pH of the soil and make other nutrients available to plants.
Other fertilizers that can be used for maize farming are:
- Potassium Nitrate
- Calcium Nitrate
- Mono-Ammonium Phosphate
- Mono Potassium Phosphate
- CAN fertilizer
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